George Brush

George Brush

George Brush

Position Title

Associate Professor
Basic Science

Office Location

Karmanos Cancer Institute
Elliman Building, RM - 3122
421 E Canfield
Detroit, MI 48201

Mailing Address

Karmanos Cancer Institute
4100 John R., EL03MB
Detroit, MI 48201

Office Phone

313-578-4300

Office Fax

313-832-7294

Education Training

Education
(1992)  Ph.D,. The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD
(1981)  A.B., Princeton University, Princeton, NJ

Postgraduate Training
(1991-1997)  Postdoctoral Fellow with Dr. Thomas J. Kelly: Department of Molecular Biology & Genetics, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD

Professional Experience

Faculty Appointments
(2010-Present) Associate Professor, Department of Oncology, Wayne State University School of Medicine ,Detroit, MI
(2006-2012) Associate Professor, Karmanos Cancer Institute and Department of Pathology, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, MI
(1999-2006) Assistant Professor, Karmanos Cancer Institute and Department of Pathology, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, MI
(1997-1999) Research Associate, Department of Molecular Biology & Genetics, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD

Hospital or Other Professional Appointments
(2015-Present) Director, Basic Medical Science and Medical Research Master of Science Programs, Office of Biomedical Graduate Programs, Wayne State University School of Medicine
(2010-Present) Associate Director and Graduate Officer, Cancer Biology Graduate Program, Department of Oncology, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, MI
(2011-2012) Scientific Director of Shared Resource Facilities, Karmanos Cancer Institute, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI

Honors and Awards

(2007)  College Teaching Award, Wayne State University School of Medicine
(2006-2007)  Selected for The Academy Fellowship leadership program, Karmanos Cancer Institute
(2003)  College Teaching Award, Wayne State University School of Medicine
(1997)  Certificate of Merit, Young Investigators' Day, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine

Courses taught

CB 7210: Fundamentals of Cancer Biology
CB 7220: Molecular Biology of Cancer Development
CB 7240: Principles of Cancer Therapy
CB 7300 F31: Special Topics in Cancer Biology - Grant Writing
CB 7700: Recent Development in Cancer Biology
CB 7990: Research Technologies in Cancer Biology
IBS 7015: Molecular Biology
PHC 7410: Principles of Toxicology

Research Interests

Our research focuses on regulatory mechanisms that ensure proper progression through the cell cycle and meiosis. Fundamental processes such as these have been highly conserved through evolution, and we employ the model eukaryote Saccharomyces cerevisiae for its experimental tractability. Through this strategy, we expect to uncover general principles that underlie preservation of genomic integrity. This type of regulation is critical to human health as genomic instability is a hallmark of cancer and errors in DNA transactions during meiosis can lead to debilitating disease. We have placed considerable effort into characterizing Mec1, the yeast orthologue of the human checkpoint protein kinase ATR. In addition, our recent work has centered on the meiotic role of certain cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) complexes that are known to both promote initiation of DNA replication and preclude improper re-initiation during the cell cycle. This work has uncovered a Mec1-dependent meiotic recombination checkpoint mechanism that prevents initiation of DNA replication. Our recent studies have also included investigation into the early meiotic role of Ime2, a meiosis-specific protein kinase that is thought to be functionally similar to certain G1 cyclin/CDK complexes.

Publications

Brush, G.S., Najor, N.A., Dombkowski, A.A., Cukovic, D., and Sawarynski, K.E. (2012) Yeast IME2 functions early in meiosis upstream of cell cycle-regulated SBF and MBF targets. PLoS One 7: e31575

Brush, G.S. and Najor, N.A. (2009) Keeping a good rep in meiosis: Mind the CDK. Cell Cycle 8: 1299-1300

Sawarynski, K.E., Najor, N.A. Kepsel, A.C., and Brush, G.S. (2009) Sic1-induced DNA re-replication during meiosis. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 106: 232-237

Bartrand, A.J., Iyasu, D., Marinco, S.M., and Brush, G.S. (2006) Evidence of meiotic crossover control in Saccharomyces cerevisiae through Mec1-mediated phosphorylation of replication protein A. Genetics 172: 27-39

Clifford, D.M., Stark, K.E., Gardner, K.E., Hoffmann-Benning, S., and Brush, G.S. (2005) Mechanistic insight into the Cdc28-related protein kinase Ime2 through analysis of replication protein A phosphorylation. Cell Cycle 4, 1826-1833

Bartrand, A.J., Iyasu, D., and Brush, G.S. (2004) DNA stimulates Mec1-mediated phosphorylation of replication protein A. J. Biol. Chem. 279: 26762-26767

Clifford, D.M., Marinco, S.M., and Brush, G.S. (2004) The meiosis-specific protein kinase Ime2 directs phosphorylation of replication protein A. J. Biol. Chem. 279: 6163-6170

Brush, G.S., Clifford, D.M., Marinco, S.M., and Bartrand, A.J. (2001) Replication protein A is sequentially phosphorylated during meiosis. Nucleic Acids Res. 29: 4808-4817

Brush, G.S., Morrow, D.M., Hieter, P., and Kelly, T.J. (1996) The ATM homologue MEC1 is required for phosphorylation of replication protein A in yeast. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 93: 15075-15080

Brush, G.S., Anderson, C.W., and Kelly, T.J. (1994) The DNA-activated protein kinase is required for the phosphorylation of replication protein A during simian virus 40 DNA replication. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 91: 12520-12524

 

Pubmed Database Link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=george+brush

Faculty Status

Basic Science

← Return to listing